India’s first quota law – ‘Communal Government Order’ – providing for caste-based reservation was implemented in Madras Presidency in 1927. Since 1951, the backward community (BC) got 25% exclusive quota. In 1980, the MG Ramachandran regime increased BC quota from 31% to 50% and in 1990, the Karunanidhi government bifurcated the BC quota, and carved out a Most Backward Community (MBC) with reservation of 20%.
What is the background of Vanniyar reservation issue?
In 2012, Justice MS Janarthanam, chairman of Tamil Nadu Backward Classes Commission, recommended a proposal to micro-classify the 20% of MBC quota and grant 10.5% to Vanniyars alone. He said 7% could be given to 93 other denotified communities and other MBCs in the category, while the remaining 2.5% could be given to other MBCs. The proposal did not materialise as two co-members of the commission did not give their consent, and no report was submitted.
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Views expressed above are the author’s own.
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