‘Tamil Nadu’s iron age began 4,200 years ago’ – Times of India

Chennai News

CHENNAI: Despite its rich iron deposits and iron age tools unearthed at many archaeological sites, establishing the iron age of Tamil Nadu has proved difficult. Now, findings from excavations in Mayiladumparai in Krishnagiri district have established it to be 4,200 years old, on a par with ancient iron age sites in the country.
The report on the excavations being conducted by the Tamil Nadu state archaeological department and analysed by Beta Analytic Laboratory in the USA, has established the iron age to be 2172 BCE (before current era).
Excavations started here with the aim of establishing the iron age. This paved the way for extraordinary evolutionary changes in the culture of the civilisation. The site in the hillock, called Sanorappanmalai, yielded habitation material with petroglyphs.
It is a site where the Neolithic and iron age habitations met. Rock art with red and white pigments and grooves for polishing Neolithic Celts were noticed in the rock shelter.
The habitation-cum-burial site was excavated in the year 2003 by prof K Rajan of Tamil University and based on the promising results, the excavation was resumed in 2021. The date of the introduction of iron in other parts is considered as the 2nd millenium BCE. But this date has been eluding Tamil Nadu for the past several years.
All GST dues have been settled: Union FM | page 4
Chennai: All dues to the states as per the GST formulation have been settled and only dues for the months of February and March of 2022, of about ₹78,000 crore are pending and that too would be settled soon, said Union finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman.
At the 52nd annual day of the Tuglak magazine on Sunday, the finance minister said some newspapers had questioned her visit to Chennai when there were conflicts between the state and the Union government. “If you want to question me, come and question me, do not spread false propaganda,” she said. There is no bias agaainst Tamil Nadu. Let me tell you that there was an argument that Tamil Nadu was yielding more taxes, but that it was not getting any infrastructure benefits. Such people do not know the taxation principle, even ‘Arthasastra’ says that money should be taken gently from some and given to all, she said.
When a question was put to her from the audience as to when petrol would be brought under the GST, she said it would be done if minister (state finance minister Palanivel Thiaga Rajan) allowed it. Funds from CESS had also been given to Tamil Nadu, she said. It was decided in the GST council that in 2020 as the collection was less, to fulfil the gap, money was borrowed and ₹1.1 lakh crore was distributed in 2020 and ₹1.5 lakh crore was given in 2021. To date, ₹7.4 lakh crore GST dues had been given to all the states. The pending amount would be given soon.
Chennai: All dues to the states as per the GST formulation have been settled and only dues for the months of February and March of 2022, of about ₹78,000 crore are pending and that too would be settled soon, said Union finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman.
At the 52nd annual day of the Tuglak magazine on Sunday, the finance minister said some newspapers had questioned her visit to Chennai when there were conflicts between the state and the Union government. “If you want to question me, come and question me, do not spread false propaganda,” she said. There is no bias agaainst Tamil Nadu. Let me tell you that there was an argument that Tamil Nadu was yielding more taxes, but that it was not getting any infrastructure benefits. Such people do not know the taxation principle, even ‘Arthasastra’ says that money should be taken gently from some and given to all, she said.
When a question was put to her from the audience as to when petrol would be brought under the GST, she said it would be done if minister (state finance minister Palanivel Thiaga Rajan) allowed it. Funds from CESS had also been given to Tamil Nadu, she said. It was decided in the GST council that in 2020 as the collection was less, to fulfil the gap, money was borrowed and ₹1.1 lakh crore was distributed in 2020 and ₹1.5 lakh crore was given in 2021. To date, ₹7.4 lakh crore GST dues had been given to all the states. The pending amount would be given soon.

Source: https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/chennai/tamil-nadus-iron-age-began-4200-years-ago/articleshow/91455544.cms